About the Post

Jerry Hardy

Author Information

I was a Building Contractor along with owning rental properties where I did most of the repairs myself. Its my pleasure to pass on to you some of the methods I had used in the past. Hopefully, this will save you the expense of hiring a professional to do the work.

Repairing Drywall



This article covers repairing drywall in the following areas:

 

  • Popped Nails and Exposed Screws

  • Loose and Peeling Joint Tape

  • Repairing Holes Up To 8 Inches

  • Repairing Holes Over 8 Inches

 

POPPED NAILS AND EXPOSED SCREWS

trowel

joint trowel or knife

 

Tools and Supplies Need: Hammer or Phillip’s screwdriver Joint compound Joint trowel Fine-grade sandpaper or fine grit sanding block

  1.  Rid protrusion

    If you notice that a nail or screw is showing, you can repair this area with very little effort. First, you need to hammer in the protruding nail or tighten the screw so the head is below the surrounding surface

  2.  Fill dent

    Now apply joint compound with the joint trowel, holding it at a close angle to the surface of the drywall, making sure you end up with a nice smooth surface.

  3.  Smooth out

    After allowing it to dry, give it another thin coat. When this coat dries, sand lightly, either with fine drywall sandpaper or a fine grade sanding block.

  4. Texture

    If the surrounding wall is textured, you can try to match the texture with joint compound. This could be a little tricky if you have never done it before. It wont hurt to practice on the repaired area. If you don’t succeed at first, just scrape off the compound with the joint trowel being careful not to remove any of the repair. If some of the repair is removed, you can always give it another light coat of compound and repeat the process.  When dry, prime with drywall primer and paint

 

LOOSE AND PEELING JOINT TAPE

trowel

10″ joint trowel

 

Tools and Supplies Needed: Joint trowels-6″ and 10″ Joint compound Drywall tape(paper or mesh) Joint compound 10″ tray Utility knife

  1. Remove loose tape

    When repairing drywall where joint tape is peeling, first remove all the loose tape by hand, being careful not to remove more than necessary, and cut it away with a utility knife. Scrape away any of the loose joint compound.

  2. Measure damaged area

    Measure the length of the area needing repair, overlapping approximately an inch on both ends and cut the new joint tape that length.

  3. Apply joint compound

    Apply joint compound over all the seam the width of the 6” trowel. Of course, if your working on a corner, apply the compound on both walls or wall and ceiling and fold the tape prior to cementing. If you are using mesh tape, it is not necessary to initially cement the seams since adhesive is already on one side. Lay the tape over the seam and smooth out evenly with a joint trowel. Add a smooth coat of compound over the tape tapering the edges.

  4. Apply second coat

    When dry, apply another coat of joint compound over the tape at a width of roughly 8 inches. Smooth out the compound by using the 10” trowel on the flat surfaces in order to get a good feathered edge.

  5. Apply final coat

    After allowed to dry, apply a final coat of compound and again, feather the edges. When the final coat is dry, examine the repaired surface for any streaks. If you notice any, give it another very light coat of compound just over the streaked area. After allowed to dry, if the edges are not tapered fully, you will have to sand them with fine drywall sandpaper or a fine grit sanding block.          (SEE NOTE BELOW-FINAL PROCEDURE FOR ALL REPAIRS)

 

REPAIRING DRYWALL HOLES UP TO 8 INCHES

Tools and Supplies Needed: Joint trowels-6”and 10” Joint compound Scrap drywall Joint compound 10″ tray Fine sandpaper Utility knife It is very easy repairing drywall with holes this size if the directions below are followed.

  1. Remove broken pieces

    It is very easy repairing drywall with holes this size  if these simply directions are followed. First, remove all loose drywall around the break.

  2. Mark wall for cutting

    Using a square, make a vertical line with a pencil, on the right side and another vertical line on the left side of the break. Next, make a horizontal line just above the break and another horizontal line just below the break. The 4 lines should make a nearly perfect rectangle.

  3. Cut out damaged section

    Using a utility knife or drywall saw, cut along the marked lines leaving a hole without torn edges. Use caution when cutting to be sure you are not cutting into any electrical wiring or water pipes that may be behind the drywall.

  4. Cut new piece

    Using a scrap piece of drywall(usually can be obtained from larger home improvement stores, without having to purchase a full 4×8 sheet), cut a piece 3″ wider and 3″ longer than the hole.

  5. Prepare new piece

    drywall

    prepared insert

    In the center of the back side, make a square the same size as the cut hole. Make a surface cut into the piece of drywall following the lines of your square. It is only necessary to cut just into the paper backing. With the drywall laying on a flat surface, you can easily break it at the cut lines. To do this, position the drywall piece with the front(gray side) face down, with one of the marked lines just slightly past the edge of the surface your working on. Now while holding down the drywall with one hand, break it at the marked line with the other hand by pushing down sharply, being careful not to tear the paper on the front side. Now gently peel the broken piece away from the paper. Repeat the process with the remaining 3 sides. When you have finished, the paper surface on the gray or front side should be approximately 3 inches larger then both length and width of the backside. (See Figure below as an example)

  6. Insert cut piece

    drywall

    insert in place

    Try inserting the prepared drywall into the hole being repaired. If it doesn’t fit, use your utility knife and shave some off the sides of the hole until the piece will fit.

  7. Apply joint compound

    Put some joint compound in the tray and add a little water to thin it out slightly. Apply a layer of compound around the hole approximately 2 to 3 inches in width. Insert the plug into the hole and with a joint trowel, using smooth strokes, push the overlapping paper securely into the compound all the way around the repair. Apply a coat of compound over the overlaps, tapering the edges.

  8. Apply second coat

    drywall

    cementing insert

    When dry, apply a second coat. If the paper edges are not completely covered, add another coat of compound and again, taper the edges .When finished the overlapping edges should be completely covered with a nice smooth tapered surface.

  9. Smooth out

    If the dried compound is not completely smooth, use fine grit drywall sandpaper with a sanding block and make the correction. After sanding, clean the surface with a slightly damp rag.         (SEE NOTE BELOW-FINAL PROCEDURE FOR ALL REPAIRS)

 

 REPAIRING HOLES OVER EIGHT INCHES

 I have given two methods of repairing holes over 8 inches.

The first method requires the use of a variable speed drill while the second method can be accomplished without the use of a drill. Method #1 Tools and Supplies Needed: Variable speed drill Phillips driver bit Trowels- 6” and 10” Drywall tape, paper or mesh Joint Compound 1×3 backer board Joint compound 10″ tray Drywall screws Fine-grade drywall sandpaper Scrap drywall Utility knife   This method of repairing drywall is preferred since it does not require the removal of as much drywall as does the second method.

  1. Remove broken pieces

    Remove all loose and broken pieces from the damage to provide a smooth working area .

  2. Scribe lines

    Next, scribe two horizontal lines, one above the hole and one just below the hole.   Now scribe vertical lines on both right and left sides at the edges of the hole.

  3. Cut hole

    Using either a utility knife or drywall saw, cut the drywall at the marked lines. Use caution when cutting to be sure you are not cutting into any electrical wiring or water pipes that may be behind the wall. You now should have a near perfect rectangular hole.

  4. Prepare and install backer board

    backer board

    installing backer board

    Measure the longest side of the hole and cut 2 lengths of the 1×3 backer board approximately 3″ longer than your measurement. Place one of the backer boards on the backside of the wall, centered in the hole along the longest side with one half of the width of the board behind the wall and the other half showing. Hold the board firmly by hand or with a clamp. Using the drill with the Phillips driver bit, start by inserting a screw into the drywall and backer board, 1″ away from the edge, near one end of the board. Add a screw every 6″ the full length of the board. Do the same on the opposite side.

  5. Cut new drywall and install

    Measure the height and width of the hole and cut a piece of drywall to fit. Try placing the cut piece in the hole. If it doesn’t fit, shave the sides of the hole with a utility knife until it does fit. Insert drywall screws through the piece into the backer board, 1″ from the edge, every 6 inches.

  6. Cut joint tape and apply compound

    Cut 2 strips of joint tape 3″ longer than the width and cut another 2 strips of tape 3″ longer than the height of the repair. The reason for the extra 3″ is to allow the tape to overlap on both ends.   Apply joint compound over all the seams the width of the 6” trowel. If you are using mesh tape, it is not necessary to initially cement the seams since the tape already has adhesive on one side.   Lay the tape over the seams and smooth out evenly with a joint trowel. Add a smooth coat of compound over the tape.

  7. Apply second coat

    When dry, apply another coat of joint compound over the tape at a width of roughly 8 inches. Smooth out the compound by using the 10” trowel so you can get a good feathered edge.

  8. Final coat

    After allowed to dry, apply a final coat of compound and again, feather the edges.

  9. Smooth out surface

    When the final coat is dry, examine the repaired surface for any streaks.  If you notice any, give it another very light coat of compound just over the streaked area. After allowed to dry, if the edges are not tapered fully, you will have to sand them with fine drywall sandpaper or a fine grit sanding block.

           (SEE NOTE BELOW-FINAL PROCEDURE FOR ALL REPAIRS)   Method #2- ( Drill and bit is not necessary) Trowels- 6 and 10 inch Drywall tape, paper or mesh Joint Compound Joint compound tray Drywall nails Hammer Fine-grade drywall sandpaper or fine grit sanding block Scrap drywall Utility knife

            1. Locate wall studs

              Insert your hand in the broken hole and locate the nearest wall stud. Measure the distance from the edge of the hole nearest the stud to the stud. Mark the locaton of the stud on the front surface of the drywall. Wall studs are spaced 16″ apart, so from your marked line, measure 16 inches and scribe another line

            2. Cut out break

              drywall prep

              ready for new piece

              Now make 2 more vertical lines ¾ “to the left of both marked lines.  Make two horizontal lines, one near the top of the hole and one at  the bottom of the hole between both studs.  The vertical lines, if spaced correctly, should be in the center of the wall studs. Cut along all four lines with a utility knife.  When finished, you should have a rectangular hole with approximately ¾” of stud exposed on both sides for nailing the new piece of drywall. (The backer boards shown in the photo can be added for additional support but in most cases are not necessary)

            3. Prepare new drywall and install

              Measure the height and width of the hole and cut a piece to fit. Try placing the cut piece in the hole. If it doesn’t fit, shave the sides of the hole with a utility knife until it does fit.  Secure the piece to the studs by nailing it with drywall nails every 6″.

            4.  Follow steps 6 thru 9 above.

            5. Final procedure for all repairs

              If the surrounding wall of the repaired area is textured, you can try to match the texture with joint compound. This could be a little tricky if you have never done it before. It wont hurt to practice on a small area. If you are having trouble matching the texture, you can always get a professional to texture the repaired area for you. After the repair has been textured, prime with drywall primer and then finish by painting.

              Link:   drywallschool.com

Return to Home< BY:

rel=”publisher”>Find us on Google+

Google+ Comments

Tags: , , , ,

Repairing Drywall

16 Responses to “Repairing Drywall”

  1.  

    Best wishes!Your blog is very good!my website http://www.frdoudounem0ncler.com/ welcome to visit!

    October 16, 2012 at 5:14 pm
  2.  

    Great items from you, man. I've be mindful your stuff prior to and you are simply extremely wonderful. I actually like what you've bought here, certainly like what you are saying and the best way wherein you are saying it. You're making it enjoyable and you still care for to stay it sensible. I cant wait to learn far more from you. That is actually a wonderful website.

    October 18, 2012 at 4:41 am
  3.  

    I really appreciate your help, it is very useful for me,you will get good grades!my Favorite website welcome to visit http://www.airsoftsniper-rifles.com/

    October 22, 2012 at 2:46 pm
  4.  

    Thank you very much. This really helped me with my work. I appreciate your help. Thanks a lot.You have to go places http://www.doudounesale.com/canada-goose-solaris-parka-c-4.html

    October 28, 2012 at 12:27 am
  5.  

    You have an interesting take. I like it! Great post!

    December 25, 2012 at 11:09 pm
  6.  

    Its like you read my mind! You seem to know a lot about this, like you wrote the book in it or something. I think that you can do with a few pics to drive the message home a little bit, but instead of that, this is excellent blog. An excellent read. I will certainly be back.

    January 5, 2013 at 3:05 am
  7.  

    When I first saw this title Repairing Drywall — How To Make Home Repairs on google I just whent and bookmark it. Heya i am for the first time here. I came across this board and I find It really useful & it helped me out much. I hope to give something back and aid others like you aided me.
    uMwAlaq

    January 14, 2013 at 1:18 am
  8.  

    When I first saw this title Repairing Drywall — How To Make Home Repairs on google I just whent and bookmark it. I actually wanted to construct a simple word in order to appreciate you for some of the splendid information you are writing here. My time intensive internet lookup has at the end been recognized with reasonable facts and techniques to write about with my friends. I d assume that we visitors actually are extremely endowed to live in a remarkable place with very many outstanding people with great tips and hints. I feel pretty lucky to have come across your web site and look forward to many more entertaining moments reading here. Thanks a lot once again for a lot of things.

    January 14, 2013 at 2:52 pm
  9.  

    I like what you guys are up too. Such clever work and reporting! Keep up the superb works guys I have incorporated you guys to my blogroll. I think it will improve the value of my site :)
    wow gold http://www.wow-gold-team.com/

    January 20, 2013 at 5:20 am
  10.  

    You have observed very interesting points! ps decent website.

    February 22, 2013 at 6:24 pm
  11.  

    Very interesting information!Perfect just what I was looking for! "It is our choices...that show what we truly are, far more than our abilities." by J. K. Rowling.

    February 24, 2013 at 3:45 pm
  12.  

    I went over this web site and I conceive you have a lot of wonderful info, saved to my bookmarks (:.

    February 27, 2013 at 2:54 am
  13.  

    I believe this web site has got very excellent pent written content blog posts.

    March 3, 2013 at 4:54 pm
  14.  

    I just want to mention I am just beginner to weblog and actually enjoyed you're website. Likely I’m going to bookmark your site . You surely have good well written articles. Bless you for sharing with us your website page.

    March 15, 2013 at 9:40 am
  15. Jerry Hardy
     

    I'm glad you like my theme. It is called Associate Child Theme and the author is StudioPress. You might contact them.

    March 7, 2013 at 8:51 pm

Trackbacks/Pingbacks

  1. My Homepage - March 3, 2013  

    ... [Trackback]...

    [...] Informations on that Topic: howtomakehomerepairs.com/2012/09/repairing-drywall/ [...]...

Leave a Reply

You must be logged in to post a comment.